Arguments Against ‘Abdu’l-Baha

This chapter is a short statement by Ibrahim Kheiralla, originally untitled, which was published in his 1901 book Facts for Behaists. Sec­tion headings have been added. It is a convenient summary of some of the most significant criticisms and complaints by Unitarian Baha’is against ‘Abdu’l-Baha during the early years of the schism. Notably ab­sent from this list is the charge that ‘Abdu’l-Baha concealed part of Baha’u’llah’s will.

The 9 Arguments:-

Shunning

1st. Baha’u’llah expressly said that the distinguishing feature of His teachings during His earthly dispensation was the prohibition of dis­cord and hatred and the establishment of union and love. He com­manded His servants to associate with people of all religions with spir­ituality and fragrance [i.e. pleasantness].

The Greatest Branch strictly forbade his followers to associate, speak or correspond with the Unitarians, with whom they are not even allowed to have the slightest business transactions. All the inhabitants of Akka can bear witness to this.

Excessive Claims

2nd. Baha’u’llah said: “Whosoever claims to be a Manifestation (a prophet) is a lying impostor.”

Abbas Effendi, in his epistles, has claimed to be a Manifestation, not always in express terms, but by hints and in obscure words and phrases. Those who preach him throughout the countries explain these obscure phrases to mean that he is God Himself; sometimes they say that the Father and the Son are one and that Abbas Effendi is a new Manifestation, and that his words are to be received as inspired texts. They have written many epistles to this effect and have even said that his position is superior to that of the Father.

We have many epistles in the handwriting of his most advanced teachers which bear witness to what we state. Every honor, respect, and help are bestowed upon these teachers by Abbas Effendi. He praises and glorifies them in all his writings and sends them to different coun­tries in order to accomplish  his aims and spread his erroneous doctrines.

 

Disrespect for Baha’u’llah’s Family

3rd. Baha’u’llah commanded everyone to respect the Branches, in order to strengthen the Cause. He expressly said that this command applies to the past as well as to the future. He also commanded that everyone should honor His family and relatives.

But Abbas Effendi ignored this command. Indeed, it would appear that Abbas Effendi wished the Cause to be suppressed, for Baha’u’llah, in the “Book of My Covenant,” commanded us to respect the Branches in order to strengthen and elevate the faith.

Disrespect for Baha’u’llah’s Secretary

4th. Baha’u’llah commanded us to respect and take care of His serv­ant (Khadimu’llah, MirzaAqa Jan). But Abbas Effendi insulted and beat this servant at the Sacred Place (the tomb of the Manifestation) when he rose up to defend the Cause of God. Abbas Effendi was not satisfied with what he himself had done to this faithful man, but ordered his followers to imprison and cruelly beat him, which they did on the same day, and, had they not been in fear of the local government, they would have slain him. To the present day they curse and slander him and invent and spread false stories against him.

 

Cursing and Slander

5th. Baha’u’llah prohibited backbiting and slander, execrating and cursing, etc., but Abbas Effendi caused his followers to commit all these crimes, in order that he might attain his purpose. This can be proved by attending their meetings or by reading their writings, which are now in our possession.

Trusting Unreliable People

6th. Abbas Effendi neglected the relatives and others whom Baha’­u’llah had relied upon and had confidence in. He slighted them upon all occasions and also ordered his followers to do likewise. On the other hand, he displayed great confidence in and reliance upon those whom the Father in his day had considered to be unreliable. These people Ab­bas Effendi allowed to do in all matters as they pleased.

Spreading His Own Writings, Not Baha’u’llah’s

7th. Baha’u’llah commanded us to publish His Sacred Word and spread it as soon as possible, but Abbas Effendi tried by all means in his power to prevent this order of Baha’u’llah from being carried out. His followers are only allowed to read those parts of the works of Baha’­u’llah which, according to his interpretation of them, support his claim. Should it happen that someone is present in their meetings whom they believe to be still a firm adherent of Baha’u’llah they will then read some of the shorter communes of the Father. Otherwise, all they read and circulate at the present time are the writings of Abbas Effendi. His believers are prohibited from reading the important tablets and books of Baha’u’llah.

Shutting Down Baha’u’llah’s Publishing Company

8th. By the command of Baha’u’llah, signed by His written com­mand, a lithographic press was established in India for the publication of the holy books and for the purpose of spreading them throughout the world. Some of the books were published at that time and some after His departure [i.e. death],Abbas Effendi did his utmost to destroy that press and prevent his followers from having or using the sacred books printed by it.

 

Disbanding the Spiritual Assembly of Egypt

          9th. By the command of Baha’u’llah, signed by His hand, a company was established in Cairo, Egypt, and its vicinity, called “The Spiritual Company,” for the sole purpose of serving the Cause of God. Abbas Effendi struggled hard for its destruction and eventually succeeded.

In this manner he destroyed the most important works established during the lifetime of Baha’u’llah, in order that no traces of what was done in those days might remain.

The above is a brief statement of what Abbas Effendi has done against the commandments of the Father, but we have seen and heard many things of what he has done and said of which it is not wise to write—things which can only be imparted verbally.

Reference:- ‘A Lost History Of The Baha’i Faith’

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