Avarih Leaves The Faith

ern‘Abdu’l-Husayn Ayati, known to Baha’is as Avarih (also spelled Avareh or Avara), was an Iranian Baha’i missionary, writer, and secondary school teacher. ‘Abdu’l-Baha appointed him to the position of Hand of the Cause of God and commissioned him to write an authorized history of the Babi and Baha’i faith in Persian, which was published in 1923. He later renounced his Baha’i faith and was designated as a “Covenant-breaker” by Shoghi Effendi. In a book he wrote explaining his apostasy, Mr. Ayati claimed that ‘Abdu’l-Baha had in­structed him to distort some historical facts in his earlier book in order to con­form with ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s preferred account of events. Baha’is have attempted to expunge the memory of Avarih’s important position and contributions to the faith, as documented by Vance Salisbury in “A Critical Examination of 20th- Century Baha’i Literature” (available online at http://bahai-library.com/ salisbury_critical_examination_literature).

Hasan Niku was a leading Iranian Baha’i missionary who, after leaving the Baha’i faith, published a book explaining why he became disillusioned with the movement. Among other things, he accused ‘Abdu’l-Baha of excessive worldly ambition and desire for money, and criticized him for writing flattering epistles to wealthy and powerful people whom he hoped to win as disciples.

Reality was a commercial magazine founded by liberal Baha’is in 1919, which covered the Baha’i faith and other topics of interest to spiritual progressives of the day such as metaphysics and socialism. The magazine grew increasingly critical of some of the beliefs and leadership of the organized Baha’i community, especially when Shoghi Effendi Rabbani became the Baha’i Guardian in the early 1920s. After 1926, the magazine shifted its attention away from Baha’i issues and towards other subjects, and in 1929 it ceased publication.

Reference:- “A Lost History Of The Baha’i Faith”

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