Shoghi Effendi Rabbani was the son of Mirza Hadi Alban and Zia’iyya Khanum, eldest daughter of His Excellency ‘Abdu’l-Baha.
Shoghi Effendi was appointed in the will of ‘Abdu’l-Baha as supreme leader of the Baha’is, in defiance of the commands of the Great Baha’u’llah in his will entitled Kitab-i-‘Ahdi (i.e. the Book of My Covenant), wherein the second son of Baha’u’llah, Ghusn-i-Akbar, Mohammed Ali, is designated as successor to Ghusn-i-A‘zam, ‘Abdu’l-Baha.
Baha’u’llah says: “Verily God hath ordained the station of the Mightiest Branch (Ghusn-i-Alcbar) after the station of the former [i.e. Ghusn-i-A‘zam]. Verily He is the Ordainer, the Wise. We have surely chosen the Mightiest (Akbar) after the Greatest (A’zam) as a command from the All-Knowing, the Omniscient.”
It appears that the will of ‘Abdu’l-Baha was written when Shoghi Effendi was only ten or eleven years of age.
Many unfortunate events took place since Shoghi Effendi has presided over the Baha’i affairs. Dissatisfaction prevailed among the Baha’is everywhere, in the East as in the West. Numerous prominent Baha’i teachers severed their connections with the Baha’i centers. Baha’ism was suppressed by the governments of several countries, namely Iran, Turkey, and Germany.
Two Iranian Baha’i teachers, ‘Abdu’l-Husayn Avara and Hasan
Nilcu,left the cause entirely. The former even changed his surname to Ayati, and both of them wrote several books and pamphlets against this movement, and flooded the Eastern Hemisphere with their antagonistic propaganda.
In the United States of America, the Reality magazine was the first Baha’i publication that revolted against the supremacy of the Baha’i organization, and finally the dispute was ended with an unfortunate decision, namely the excommunication of the members of that publication.
Reference:- Extract taken from the book ‘A Lost History Of The Baha’i Faith’