ABDUL BAHA ABBAS
Abdul Baha Abbas was born at midnight on the 23rd May, 1844 in Tehran, the same year that “El Bab” proclaimed his mission to the world.
When Abbas Effendi was scarcely nine years old, his father was arrested and imprisoned in Teheran. The mob attacked his house and looted it, the family was stripped of its property and left to suffer the sting of hardship and poverty.
Abdul Baha Abbas was so attached to his father that he almost appeared to act as his bodyguard. Being constantly around him, his father educated him as he wished and brought him up as he saw fit, sowed in him the seeds of his principles, built in him a strong personality, imbibed him with the spirit of humanitarianism and taught him that those who serve humanity achieve victory at the end. He told that to be a good Baha’i, he should love the world and humanity in general and try to serve it and labor for universal peace and brotherhood.
Abdul Baha Abbas graduated from his father’s school a strong spiritual personality; he was wise and generous, a father to the needy and a guide to those who went astray. He drew his sublime principles and humanitarian ideals from the school of life and the hardships of experience.
The despotic rule of Abdul Hamid having terminated in 1908 and the then young Turkey having extended a general amnesty for all prisoners. Abdul Baha Abbas was released at the age of 40 from the prison in which he had entered as a boy.
At the age Abbas Effendi took upon himself the responsibility to propagate his father’s mission, proceeded to Egypt, Switzerland, France, Germany, Hungary, Great Britain, United Sates of America and Canada and there preached his father’s principles and humanitarian ideals which were deeply rooted in him. In the course of his visits to those countries thousands of people heard him preach the principles of his father, in churches and in every type of religious institutions, and millions of people read about the teachings of Baha’u’llah in the local newspapers, and so in virtue of his magnetic personality he was able to attract men and women of every belief and religion.
His followers loved him greatly and he reciprocated their love, he lifted their standards morally, spiritually and materially to the limit of his possibilities and he endeavored with all his might to come to the rescue of those who were materially in need as well as to those who sought moral assistance.
This beloved religious leader who called himself Abdul Baha – meaning the servant of Baha’u’llah, his father – who was led by his father’s personality in darkness and guided in solving problems, this leader who carried out his father’s teachings almost literally without originating anything new himself or misconstruction, do you believe, dear reader that this servant of Baha’u’llah, this honest and good man could in any way deviate from the path his master drew for him for the advancement and leadership of the Baha’i Movement?
Certain persons looking after their own property material benefit originated what they called a Will and attributed its issue to Abbas Effendi in which he was supposed to nominate his grandson to the spiritual leadership of the Movement. This grandson who was at that time a young boy and therefore enable to realize the extent of the great responsibility that was being entrusted to him by those persons, is, in my opinion, and I have undeniable evidence to this effect – unable to realize it up to the present moment.
Those persons whether they intended or not have certainly committed and unforgivable sin against Abbas Effendi. A Will contradicting his father’s Will! This is a Shame, Shame herself especially as the sacred nature of a will is respected not only by the Easterners but also by the nations of the world; moreover is it believable that Abbas Effendi have tampered with his father’s Will so long as he knew that he had no right whatever to change anything in it especially as his father had limited the succession, in case of death, to his brother, Mohammad Ali Effendi.
Those persons who originated the Will and pretended to venerate Abbas Effendi, attached to him a disgrace which the commonest of people would have resented, so how much more with him, the great religious leader for they have pictured him as a disobedient boy violating his father’s Will, the same Will which gave him the right to the leadership. His brothers respected the holiness of their father’s Will and accepted it and extended their help in the struggle for the propagation of the Movement.
On Friday 25th November 1921 Abdul Baha Abbas, as usual attended Friday prayers and distributed in person alms to the poor and needy and returned to his residence. Three days later, on 28th November, 1921, Abdul Baha Abbas died, leaving according to his father’s Will, the spiritual leadership of the Movement to his brother, Mohammad Ali Effendi.
GRAND DAUGHTER OF BAHA’U’LLAH